api

gRPC gateway endpoint has changed since etcd v3.3:

1. etcd v3.2 or before uses only [CLIENT-URL]/v3alpha/*.

2. etcd v3.3 uses [CLIENT-URL]/v3beta/* while keeping [CLIENT-URL]/v3alpha/*.

3. etcd v3.4 uses [CLIENT-URL]/v3/* while keeping [CLIENT-URL]/v3beta/*.
   [CLIENT-URL]/v3alpha/* is deprecated.

4. etcd v3.5 or later uses only [CLIENT-URL]/v3/*.
  [CLIENT-URL]/v3beta/* is deprecated.

实例(以v3.4+版本为例)

Put and get keys

Use the /v3/kv/range and /v3/kv/put services to read and write keys:

<<COMMENT
https://www.base64encode.org/
foo is 'Zm9v' in Base64
bar is 'YmFy'
COMMENT

curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/put \
  -X POST -d '{"key": "Zm9v", "value": "YmFy"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"12585971608760269493","member_id":"13847567121247652255","revision":"2","raft_term":"3"}}

curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/range \
  -X POST -d '{"key": "Zm9v"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"12585971608760269493","member_id":"13847567121247652255","revision":"2","raft_term":"3"},"kvs":[{"key":"Zm9v","create_revision":"2","mod_revision":"2","version":"1","value":"YmFy"}],"count":"1"}

# get all keys prefixed with "foo"
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/range \
  -X POST -d '{"key": "Zm9v", "range_end": "Zm9w"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"12585971608760269493","member_id":"13847567121247652255","revision":"2","raft_term":"3"},"kvs":[{"key":"Zm9v","create_revision":"2","mod_revision":"2","version":"1","value":"YmFy"}],"count":"1"}

Watch keys

Use the /v3/watch service to watch keys:

curl -N http://localhost:2379/v3/watch \
  -X POST -d '{"create_request": {"key":"Zm9v"} }' &
# {"result":{"header":{"cluster_id":"12585971608760269493","member_id":"13847567121247652255","revision":"1","raft_term":"2"},"created":true}}

curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/put \
  -X POST -d '{"key": "Zm9v", "value": "YmFy"}' >/dev/null 2>&1
# {"result":{"header":{"cluster_id":"12585971608760269493","member_id":"13847567121247652255","revision":"2","raft_term":"2"},"events":[{"kv":{"key":"Zm9v","create_revision":"2","mod_revision":"2","version":"1","value":"YmFy"}}]}}

Transactions

Issue a transaction with /v3/kv/txn:

# target CREATE
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/txn \
  -X POST \
  -d '{"compare":[{"target":"CREATE","key":"Zm9v","createRevision":"2"}],"success":[{"requestPut":{"key":"Zm9v","value":"YmFy"}}]}'
# {
    "header":{
        "cluster_id":"12585971608760269493",
        "member_id":"13847567121247652255",
        "revision":"3","raft_term":"2"
    },
    "succeeded":true,
    "responses":[{"response_put":{"header":{"revision":"3"}}}]
  }

# target VERSION
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/txn \
  -X POST \
  -d '{"compare":[{"version":"4","result":"EQUAL","target":"VERSION","key":"Zm9v"}],"success":[{"requestRange":{"key":"Zm9v"}}]}'
# {
    "header":{
        "cluster_id":"14841639068965178418",
        "member_id":"10276657743932975437",
        "revision":"6",
        "raft_term":"3"
    },
    "succeeded":true,
    "responses":[{
        "response_range":{
            "header":{"revision":"6"},
            "kvs":[{"key":"Zm9v","create_revision":"2","mod_revision":"6","version":"4","value":"YmF6"}],
            "count":"1"
        }
    }]}

Authentication

Set up authentication with the /v3/auth service:

# create root user
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/auth/user/add \
  -X POST -d '{"name": "root", "password": "pass"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"14841639068965178418","member_id":"10276657743932975437","revision":"1","raft_term":"2"}}

# create root role
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/auth/role/add \
  -X POST -d '{"name": "root"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"14841639068965178418","member_id":"10276657743932975437","revision":"1","raft_term":"2"}}

# grant root role
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/auth/user/grant \
  -X POST -d '{"user": "root", "role": "root"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"14841639068965178418","member_id":"10276657743932975437","revision":"1","raft_term":"2"}}

# enable auth
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/auth/enable -X POST -d '{}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"14841639068965178418","member_id":"10276657743932975437","revision":"1","raft_term":"2"}}

Authenticate with etcd for an authentication token using /v3/auth/authenticate:

# get the auth token for the root user
curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/auth/authenticate \
  -X POST -d '{"name": "root", "password": "pass"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"14841639068965178418","member_id":"10276657743932975437","revision":"1","raft_term":"2"},"token":"sssvIpwfnLAcWAQH.9"}

Set the Authorization header to the authentication token to fetch a key using authentication credentials:

curl -L http://localhost:2379/v3/kv/put \
  -H 'Authorization : sssvIpwfnLAcWAQH.9' \
  -X POST -d '{"key": "Zm9v", "value": "YmFy"}'
# {"header":{"cluster_id":"14841639068965178418","member_id":"10276657743932975437","revision":"2","raft_term":"2"}}