Debian、Ubuntu桌面相关

Ubuntu:

常用:

//右键里面添加一个“打开终端”的菜单:
sudo apt-get install nautilus-open-terminal

//配置中文环境 [这个在新系统中一般用不到了]:
sudo apt-get install language-support-zh

工具包:

pdfeditor(Xournal和Okular都可以实现添加批注,但pdfedit是真正的PDF编辑软件):
$> sudo apt-get install pdfeditor

在ubuntu下close laptop lid, 不执行任何操作:

Alt + F2 and enter this: gconf-editor
apps > gnome-power-manager > buttons
Set lid_ac and lid_battery to nothing

OR

1.When on AC Power, do nothing when laptop lid is closed:
gconftool-2 -t string -s /apps/gnome-power-manager/buttons/lid_ac nothing

2.When on Battery Power, do nothing when laptop lid is closed:
gconftool-2 -t string -s /apps/gnome-power-manager/buttons/lid_battery nothing

Backports:

Backports默认在ubuntu11.10(不包括)之前的版本是关闭的。因为在这些版本中,在从Backport安装包之前必须手工开启Backports.
详情察看 `这儿 <https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuBackports#Enabling_Backports>`_